At HBOT USA, we receive many questions about hyperbaric oxygen therapy for traumatic brain injury treatment in Morris County, NJ.
Depending on the impact or seriousness of the damage, traumatic brain injury can either be mild or extremely serious.
Some do not require treatment, others need medication, while some even require surgery.
Hyperbaric oxygen therapy has shown significant positive results for patients with traumatic brain injury.
In this blog, we discuss how HBOT can improve symptoms of traumatic brain injury.
What is traumatic brain injury?
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) occurs when the brain is damaged by a sudden, external physical assault.
It frequently results from a serious sports injury or a vehicle accident.
Traumatic brain injury can also be caused by an object that passes through brain tissue, such as a gunshot or a fractured piece of skull.
A mild traumatic brain injury can cause temporary damage to the brain cells.
Bruising, torn tissues, hemorrhage, and other physical damage to the brain can occur with more acute traumatic brain injury.
Long-term problems and even death can occur as a result of these injuries.
In fact, traumatic brain injury is one of the leading causes of adult disability and death.
TBI is a broad term that encompasses a wide range of damage to the brain.
The damage might be focal, meaning limited to a single part of the brain, or diffuse which affects more than one area of the brain.
Traumatic brain injury can range in severity from a minor concussion to a serious injury that results in coma or death.
TBI can have a wide range of psychological and physical consequences.
Some indications or symptoms may arise right after a stressful experience, while others may take days or weeks to appear.
Traumatic brain injury symptoms
If you receive any kind of blow or impact to the head, it is recommended to see a doctor immediately to check for any traumatic brain injury.
Here are a few symptoms to watch out for:
Mild traumatic brain injury signs and symptoms
- Vomiting or nausea
- Speech difficulties
- Blurry vision
- Ringing in the ears
- Odd taste in the mouths
- Inability to smell
- Being off balance or dizzy
- Light or sound sensitivity
- Losing consciousness for a few seconds to a few minutes
- No loss of consciousness, but feeling dizzy, confused or disoriented
- Problems with memory or attention
- Fluctuations in mood
- Problems with sleep
Moderate to severe traumatic brain injury signs and symptoms
Any of the signs and symptoms of mild injury, as well as these symptoms that may arise within the first hours to days following a head injury, can occur in moderate to severe traumatic brain injuries:
- Loss of consciousness lasting anywhere from a few minutes to several hours
- Dilation of the eyes’ pupils
- Seizures or convulsions
- Vomiting or nausea on a regular basis
- Consistent headaches that don’t go away or becomes worse
- Inability to wake up from deep sleep
- Numbness or tingling in the fingers and toes
- Coordination problems
- Slurred speech
- Consciousness disorders such as coma
- Irritability, combativeness, or other atypical behavior
Traumatic brain injury symptoms in children
Headaches, sensory issues, disorientation, and other symptoms may be difficult for infants and young children with brain injuries to communicate. You may notice the following in a child who has had a traumatic brain injury:
- Changes in eating or nursing
- Constant crying and inability to be consoled
- Change in sleeping patterns
- Loss of enthusiasm for previously enjoyed objects or activities
- Unusual irritability
- Changes in attention capacity
The effect of traumatic brain injury is described using the categories “mild,” “moderate,” and “severe.” A minor brain damage is nonetheless a serious injury that needs immediate medical attention and an accurate diagnosis.
Types of traumatic brain injury
There are two types of traumatic brain injury.
When there is a nonpenetrating lesion to the brain but no break in the skull, it is called a closed brain injury.
A closed brain injury is produced by bruising and ripping of brain tissue and blood vessels as a result of a rapid forward or backward movement and shaking of the brain inside the bone skull.
Car accidents, falls, and often sports, are the most common causes of closed brain injuries.
This type of injury can also be caused by shaking a newborn (also known as shaken baby syndrome).
The other type of traumatic brain injury is called penetrating brain injury.
When a crack in the skull occurs, such as when a gunshot pierces the brain, penetrating or open head injuries occur.
What causes traumatic brain injury?
A blow to the head or other traumatic injury to the body is the most common cause of traumatic brain injury. The severity of the damage is determined by a number of factors, including the type of injury and the force of contact.
The following are examples of common incidents that result in traumatic brain injury:
- Sports-related injuries – Injuries from a variety of sports, including soccer, boxing, football, baseball, lacrosse, skateboarding, hockey, and other high-impact or intense activities, can result in traumatic brain injuries. These are especially common among teenagers.
- Collisions involving vehicles – Traumatic brain injury is commonly caused by collisions involving cars, motorbikes, or bicycles, as well as pedestrians engaged in such accidents.
- Falls – Traumatic brain injury is commonly caused by falls from a bed or ladder, down stairs, in the bath, and other falls, especially in elderly persons and children.
- Blasts from explosives and various types of combat injuries – In active-duty military members, explosive bursts are a common cause of traumatic brain injury. Although the exact cause of the damage is unknown, many scientists believe that the pressure pulse travelling through the brain causes significant disruption in brain function.
- Violence – Gunshot wounds, domestic violence, child abuse and other assaults are common causes. Shaken baby syndrome is a traumatic brain injury in infants caused by violent shaking.
Hyperbaric oxygen therapy as traumatic brain injury treatment
Hyperbaric oxygen therapy for traumatic brain injury has been proven effective in alleviating or managing symptoms.
HBOT involves breathing 100% oxygen inside a pressurized hyperbaric chamber and breathing in the benefits of additional oxygenation.
We breathe in 21% oxygen when we inhale regularly. This oxygen is delivered into our blood cells, which helps to improve circulation.
Oxygen enters our tissues and organs through blood flow and circulation, providing energy for our bodies’ essential processes.
Our bodies receive up to 5 times the quantity of oxygen in a hyperbaric chamber than when we breathe normally.
This allows oxygen to get into our plasma, which has a variety of benefits for our tissues, organs, blood, and the entire body. This increased oxygenation has been shown to speed up healing, reduce inflammation, improve performance, and improve cognitive function.
Hyperbaric oxygen has proven to be an effective tool for improving overall health, reducing inflammation, and speeding up the healing process.
Because the increased oxygenation improves cerebral circulation, brain function and performance improves, resulting in improved neurological and cognitive function.
Many studies have shown that hyperbaric oxygen therapy can help individuals with mild traumatic brain injury who have chronic neurocognitive deficits improve their brain function and quality of life.
In m traumatic brain injury patients with extended post-concussion syndrome (PCS) at late chronic stage, HBOT has been shown to stimulate neuroplasticity, resulting in the repair of persistently damaged brain functions and better quality of life. Using functional MRI, studies show that HBOT can decrease cognitive impairment linked to memory performance and connection.
The effects of hyperbaric oxygen therapy, or HBOT, for individuals with traumatic brain injuries have been studied extensively.
The therapeutic effect on TBI patients was first demonstrated in 1964 in a study.
HBOT lowered intracranial pressure, reduced cerebral spinal fluid pressure, enhanced the metabolic activity of grey matter in the brain, and improved glucose metabolism, according to studies conducted in 1971, 1977, 1982, and 1994.
TBIs were the greatest cause of death and disability in the United States, according to a 2013 research.
Their study looked at 56 patients with post-concussion syndrome who were one to five years post-injury.
HBOT increased neuroplasticity, which aided in the repair of brain functions, according to the findings of the study. As a result, the patients’ quality of life improved significantly.
How does hyperbaric oxygen help treat traumatic brain injury?
HBOT gives 100% oxygen in a high-pressure atmosphere, which floods the body with more oxygen.
This allows oxygen to reach brain tissue that may be cut off due to arteries and capillaries that have been damaged.
The typical inflammatory response to injury can contribute to subsequent brain damage in people who have suffered a TBI.
It is critical to reduce the inflammatory reaction. HBOT prevents neutrophils from adhering to their targets while also raising the anti-inflammatory cytokine interleukin-10, reducing microgliosis, lowering tumor necrosis factor-a levels, and lowering matrix metalloproteinase-9 production.
The body’s normal inflammatory response is slowed by these alterations.
Angiogenesis is the formation of new blood vessels, while neurogenesis is the formation of new tissue.
Increased oxygen levels aid in the healing of injured tissue while also boosting the formation of new tissue.
Similarly, it encourages the formation of new blood vessels.
While HBOT’s mechanism is effective at the time of injury, it is also advantageous to people suffering from post-concussion syndrome.
Try hyperbaric oxygen therapy for traumatic brain injury in Morris County, NJ
If you are interested in trying hyperbaric oxygen therapy for traumatic brain injury in Morris County, NJ, feel free to visit HBOT USA today!
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Florham Park, NJ 07932